Arthroscopy. Nov;24(11) doi: / Epub Feb The spiral glenohumeral ligament: an open and arthroscopic. Emerg Radiol. Feb;24(1) doi: /s Epub Aug Inferior glenohumeral ligament (IGHL) complex: anatomy, injuries, . Runs laterally from the coracoid process to the humerus, covering the superior Glenohumeral Ligament and blending with the Superior Joint Capusle and.

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Anteriorly translated with the arm in 90 degrees of abduction and externally rotated.

Glenohumeral Joint Anatomy, Stabilizer, and Biomechanics

Dissection image of coracohumeral ligament of glenohumeral joint in green. This type of injury often requires surgical repair. A SLAP tear superior labrum anterior to posterior is a rupture in the glenoid labrum.

Abduction abduction requires external rotation to clear the greater tuberosity from impinging on the acromion. During abduction the greater tubercle of the humerus comes in contact with the upper margin of the glenoid cavity, which limits maximum abduction. This joint is considered to be the most mobile and least stable joint in the body, and is the most commonly dislocated diarthoidal joint [1]. Dorsal carpometacarpal Palmar carpometacarpal thumb: Thank you for rating!

Anular Oblique cord Quadrate. Common problems may include shoulder bursitis. The shoulder joint is a muscle-dependent joint as it lacks strong ligaments. Lippincott Williams and Wilkins.

Deep transverse metacarpal Superficial transverse metacarpal. The anatomy of the glenohumeral ligaments has been shown to be complex and variable and their function is highly dependent on the position of the humerus with respect to the glenoid. Such an imbalance could cause a forward head carriage which in turn can affect the range of movements of the shoulder.


The glenoid cavity is shallow and contains the glenoid labrum which deepens it and aids in stability. Therefore, this component of the capsule is the most frequently injured structure. It consists of an anterior band, a posterior band, and an interposed axillary pouch.

Physiopedia is not a substitute for professional advice or expert medical services from a qualified healthcare provider. The long head of the biceps brachii muscle travels inside the capsule from its attachment to the supraglenoid tubercle of the scapula.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Anatomical terminology [ edit on Wikidata ]. The biomechanical importance of the spiral GHL and its connection with shoulder pathology remains to be determined in further studies. This range can be compromised by anything that changes flenohumerales position of the scapula.

Elevation of the humerus on the glenoid in the scapular plane, which is midway between the coronal and sagittal planes. Glenohumeral ligaments Ligaments of glenohumeral joint Glenohumeral ligaments labelled Capsular ligament at centre.

Glenohumeral Joint Anatomy, Stabilizer, and Biomechanics – Shoulder & Elbow – Orthobullets

Core Tested Community All. The purpose of this study was to visualize arthroscopically and to describe the micro- and macroscopic anatomy of the poorly known ligament of the anterior capsule ligamentls the glenohumeral joint: The left shoulder and acromioclavicular jointsand the proper ligaments of the scapula. Coracoacromial Superior transverse scapular Inferior glenohmuerales of scapula Synovial: Injuries to the IGHL complex have a unifying clinical history of traumatic shoulder injury, which are often sports or fall-related, with the biomechanical mechanism, positioning of the arm, and individual patient factors determining the specific component of the ligamentous complex that is injured, the location of the injury of those components, and the degree of bone involvement.


In addition, a detached labrum can lead to recurrent anterior instability and a ligajentos inferior glenohumeral ligament complex. Prevents anterior translation of the humerus with the arm in 45 degrees of abduction.

Inferiorly translated with the arm in 45 degrees of abduction and internal rotation.

When refering to evidence in academic writing, you should always try to reference the primary original source. Original Editor – Tyler Shultz. A number of small fluid-filled sacs known as synovial bursae are located around the litamentos to aid mobility:. The nerves supplying the shoulder joint all arise in the brachial plexus.

Coracoacromial Superior transverse scapular Inferior transverse of scapula Synovial: