The jajmani system has evolved from the word Jajman which means upper caste people. William H Wiser was the first one to introduce the term. THE JAJMANI SYSTEM. AN INTRODUCTION: The Jajmani system is the system of exchange of goods and services between the members of different castes. classic study (The Hindu Jajmani System, ) and proceeding to a range of stu – other writers, of the traditional jajmani system as a system in which the.

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The roles involved in the jajmani system are those of jajmans and kamins. It is a system of traditional occupational obligations.

Jajmani System: Concept, Functions and Values of Jajmani System

uajmani I have interest in writing love stories or any specific genre. Religiously, it is an institutional arrangement that makes the Brahmin dependent for subsistence on the jajmans, who constitute his clients. Similarly, the kamin renders services to jajman according to the payment he receives. Taking the jajmani relations with different castes, Gould found that all jajmans in the village Sherupur gave 2, kilograms of grains in one year to all the purjan families.

The dominant caste prefers to summon politick help rather than depend on their kamins for support. Caste system is the basis of jajmani system. As a result, the jajman lost the services of the kamin. You must be logged in to post a comment.

Some service families maintain jajmani relations with a segment of the village rather than individual families. According to in N. The caste council has the power jajmabi punishing erring jajmans and kamins. Jajmani system is hereditary and permanent, that is why both jajman and kamin sympathies for each other. For example, the rope-makers in a village may supply farmers, under arrangements, all necessary ropes except the rope used in wells which is especially long and thick and for which special jaj,ani has to be made.


Kori weaver got 15 kilograms of grain per harvest plus Rs.

Here, the Britishers were more interested in developing their economy at the cost of Indian economy. If one of the associated families dies out, another of its lineage may take its place in the relationship. Read this article to learn about the meaning, definition, advantages and disadvantages of Jajmani system in India. What is the function of the system? The significance in this jajman-kamin relationship is that the jajman is expected to give concessions in the form of free food, free clothing, rent-free lands, etc.

The servicing castes are called Kamins while the castes served are called Jajmans. Jajmani system has stood on the way of occupational mobility and resulted in lowering economic standard of the kamins. What is the motivation in maintaining the jajmani system?

Jajmani System in India: Meaning, Definition, Advantages and Disadvantages

The service castes traditionally include weavers, leather workers, blacksmiths, goldsmiths, barbers, washermen and so constitute groups of artisans serving the community. Various land reforms had their impact on the interaction among castes, which gradually had affected the jajmani system and other social systems of village life.

Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Other sociologists like Harold Gould and Pauline Kolenda were in favor of both the ideologies. The agricultural castes, which are invariably upper castes, seek the services of the occupational castes, which Eire generally lower castes.


A spirit of fellow feeling and brotherhood develops under this system. Definition, Function and Other Details. He has to support jajman in his factional disputes.

Both Kamin and Jajman are Integral part of the jajmani system and thus complementary to each other. The landed higher caste Systen are the patrons, and the service castes are the kameen servers of the jajman. However, collective action on either side does not affect the interests of the caste as a whole. His difficulty will not be in dismissing him, but in finding a substitute.

Jajmani System in India: Meaning, Definition, Advantages and Disadvantages

The jajmani ideal is suspect as the anthropological analogue of the same theoretical system presented by texts that describe a unified, conflict-free, reciprocal, and hierarchically weighted system of interrelated varna s social classes. Economic Inequality in India: For example, the weaver who is paid in cash for what he makes and sells is not entitled to customary share of the harvest.

There are various norms concerning rights, duties, payments, concessions, etc. In this way the system has checked social mobility.