Image Compression. OUTLINE: Exploiting coding redundancy, interpixel redundancy, and psychovisual redundancy. Lossy and lossless methods. (viii) In digital image compression, three basic data redundancies can be identified and exploited: Coding redundancy, Inter-pixel redundancy. Next: Binary image compression Up: compression Previous: The algorithm. Inter- pixel Redundancy and Compression. Subsections. Binary image compression.

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The general problem of image compression is to reduce the amount of data required to represent a digital image or video and the underlying basis of the reduction process is the removal of redundant data. Error-free compression techniques usually rely on entropy-based encoding algorithms.

To use this website, you must agree to our Privacy Policyincluding cookie policy. How many different types of data redundancy? It provides the least amount of information units bits per source symbol. The Psychovisual redundancies exist because human perception does not involve quantitative analysis of every pixel or luminance value in the redundancu. Because of its fast lookup capabilities at the decoder side, VQ-based coding schemes are particularly redundancj to multimedia applications.

intwrpixel The way each of them is explored is briefly described below. That means neighboring pixels are not statistically redunddancy.

In order to do so, the original 2-D array of pixels is usually mapped into a different format, e. Intwrpixel 2 shows the source encoder in further detail. Examples of compression techniques that explore the interpixel redundancy include: The techniques discussed so far work directly on the pixel values and are usually called spatial domain techniques.


Image compression techniques can be designed by reducing or eliminating the Data Redundancy Image coding or compression has a goal to reduce the amount of data by reducing the amount of redundancy. Data compression is the process of reducing the amount of data required to represent a given quantity of information. This operation is reversible. Frank Coding Techniques — Hybrid.

This operation is not reversible and must be omitted if lossless compression is desired. Feedback Privacy Policy Feedback. Examples of image coding schemes that explore coding redundancy are the Huffman codes and the arithmetic coding technique.

What are different types of redundancies in digital image? Explain in detail.

A natural m-bit coding method assigns m-bit to each gray level without considering the probability that gray level occurs with: The source encoder removes the input redundanch, and the channel encoder increases the noise immunity.

The key component is the predictor, whose function is to generate an estimated predicted value for each pixel from the input image based on previous pixel values. Differential coding techniques explore the interpixel redundancy in digital images.

This operation is generally reversible and may or may not directly reduce the amount of data required to represent the image.

Image Compression – Fundamentals and Lossless Compression Techniques

Error-free compression Error-free compression techniques usually rely on entropy-based encoding algorithms. Compression methods can be lossy, when a tolerable degree of deterioration in the visual quality of the reduundancy image is acceptable, or lossless, when the image is encoded in its full quality.


Lossy compression is most commonly used to compress multimedia data audio, video, still imagesespecially in applications such as streaming media and internet telephony. There are two main types of quantizers: We will review the most important concepts behind image compression and coding techniques and survey some of the most popular algorithms and standards.

Data and information Data is not the same thing as information.

Image Compression – Fundamentals and Lossless Compression Techniques – ppt video online download

It is used as the primary compression technique in the 1-D CCITT Group 3 fax standard and in conjunction with other techniques in the JPEG image compression standard described in a separate short article. The concept of entropy is mathematically described in equation You get question papers, syllabus, subject analysis, answers – all in one app. The key factor behind the success of transform-based coding schemes many of the resulting coefficients for most natural images have small magnitudes and can be quantized or discarded altogether without causing significant distortion in the decoded image.

Removing a large amount of redundancy leads to efficient video compression.

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