False yam tuber (Icacina oliviformis) extract has been shown to have some toxic compounds that need to be investigated to find its effect on. Common Name:False yam. Description. The Icacinaceae are a family of flowering plants, consisting of trees, shrubs, and lianas, primarily of the tropics. False yam (Icacina oliviformis syn. Icacina senegalensis) is a drought-resistant plant in West and Central Africa that produces a large tuber with.

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Overseas Development Administration, London: It is covered with very short hairs and contains a thin layer of white pulp, approximately 0. A perennial that produces large quantities of three different olivitormis could be a valuable food-security crop for the most difficult regions and most threatening times.

In the northern parts of the Central African Republic, for instance, hordes of people each year mount expeditions to collect the fruits and keep themselves fed during the few most-threatening weeks when little else is on hand in the villages.

The volume describes 24 little-known indigenous African cultivated and wild fruits that have potential as food- and cash-crops but are typically overlooked by scientists, policymakers, and the world at large. Cassava is also a shrub, so this possibility is not as far-fetched as it may seem. No particular pests or diseases are reported, but this is perhaps only because the plant is so little studied.

Thus, there is a need to build a background of reliable knowledge by collecting both knowledge and germplasm, and comparing different oliviforims such as fruit size and flavor, seed size and palatability, resistance to pests and diseases, rate of growth, and other important horticultural attributes.

Nutritive value of false yam (Icacina oliviformis) tuber meal for broiler chickens.

It is also softened into an edible paste by the addition of boiling water. If the file has been modified from its original state, some details such as kcacina timestamp may not fully reflect those of the original file. Not a MyNAP member yet?


Icacina claesensi Called kukbukumbu in Congo. Icacina is a prime example of how the world misses out on valuable woody resources merely because they have branches where they should have trunks.

Toxicological Studies Although widely eaten, there exist some safety concerns about the seeds and tubers, at least of some species. Icacina senegalensisF. In a sense, icacina pronounced ik-a-SEE-na is a living grocery store during normal times and an emergency relief-food supplier during hungry times. The seeds, in addition to roasting, are sometimes dried and pounded into flour, which can be stored for use especially during times of food scarcity.

People truly enjoy the fruits as well as the seeds, which represent a permanent, reliable, and very tasty food. At or before the beginning of the rainy season it throws out erect leafy shoots from a large underground fleshy tuber.

Plant Foods for Human Nutrition 53 2: Marco Schmidt Dry Areas Prospects here are even higher. Icacinaceae sensu stricto unplaced at order rankPennantiaceae ApialesStemonuraceae Aquifoliales and Cardiopteridaceae also Aquifoliales. Oliviforims fruit is a bright-red ovoid berry, approximately 2.

The species is easy to grow and is already sometimes cultivated in gardens icavina least in Senegal. Probably, neither the production of fruits nor roots will be devastated by the careful harvest of the woody biomass. Despite its attraction, this potentially weedy and mostly untamed plant should not yet be introduced into locations beyond Africa.

The tuber is cut up and leached in running water to remove toxic elements and facilitate maceration.

This book is the third in a series evaluating underexploited African plant resources that could help broaden and secure Africa’s food supply.

Nutritive value of false yam (Icacina oliviformis) tuber meal for broiler chickens.

Food Technology Better methods of extracting starch from the tuber should be developed. Login or Register to save! From that base of knowledge should arise highly productive and resilient shrubs with shapes open bottoms, for example that are best for purposes of weed control, ease of harvest, and general management. But no one should write off icacina hastily. The flesh is white and is usually speckled with yellow spots corresponding to bundles of free xylem. Its enormous tuber and penetrating roots makes it difficult to eradicate.


These might include trials to see what maximum production levels can be when the plants are fertilized and icacinx cared for in good, deep, loose soils. Both tubers and seeds contain bitter compounds that must be washed out.

Icacina oliviformis – Useful Tropical Plants

Owing to their size and the fact that they can penetrate far below the surface, they are difficult to dig out. The tubers are harvested only when required. Investigations should be undertaken to assess the promise and pitfalls of 7 Extracts from some species have been shown to induce sleepiness and reduce pain in rodent studies Asuzu, I.

And it could be exceptionally valuable wherever crop failures and food shortages are ever-present dangers. Page Share Cite.

File:Icacina senegalensis MS 4743.JPG

Icavina The tubers contain about percent starch. They are eaten fresh, but are often sun dried as well. Upland Areas Potential here is unknown, but perhaps worth finding out.

Are any residues left in the flour? By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Selected Species Adansonia kilima Allanblackia floribunda Dacryodes edulis Irvingia gabonensis Moringa oleifera Ricinodendron heudelotii Sclerocarya birrea Tamarindus indica Uapaca kirkiana Vitellaria paradoxa Vitex doniana Ziziphus mauritiana Anacardium occidentale Annona senegalensis.

Although an especially hardy life form, shrubs are generally neglected in development activities. The following other wikis use this file: Seeds In one analysis, flour extracted from the seeds was about 13 percent moisture, 72 percent carbohydrate, icaciba 8 percent protein, with little fat about olivlformis. The timestamp is only as accurate as the clock in the camera, and it may be completely wrong. Means to this end might include simple activities such as putting out an icacina cookbook, holding contests for best recipes, or serving icacina at oligiformis functions.