Hymenocardia acida var. acida. Photo: Bart Wursten Cheringoma Escarpment, Sofala, Mozambique. Hymenocardia acida var. acida. In East Africa Hymenocardia acida is planted for erosion control; it is also a good shade tree in plantations, casting moderately light shade. Young leafy shoots of. BOTANIC DESCRIPTION. Hymenocardia acida is a small savannah tree or shrub about 9 m high. Branchlets become rusty brown as the bark peels. The bole is.

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Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Hymenocardia acida male inflorescences.

Hymenocardia acida

Carpodiptera minor Sim Hymenocardia mollis Pax var. Natural products have been used in folklore for the treatment of many illnesses and diseases. Backhuys Publishers, Leiden, Netherlands. afida

The acidic leaves, stem bark and roots are commonly used as medicines. Hymenocardia acida young fruit obtained from P. The leaves can be harvested during the rainy season, as the species is deciduous. Hymenocardia acida slash obtained from P.

In vitro antitrypanosomal activity of ethnopharmacologically selected Beninese plants. In Central Africa a brownish red dye obtained from the bark is used to acidx raffia work and cloth; the bark contains much tannin and is used for tanning leather. They have been the most productive source of leads for the development of many effective drugs now available in orthodox medicine.

This development has led to increased research and an upsurge of published works in journals related to natural products. Bark smooth, light brown to grey, flaking to reveal a powdery rufous-brown underbark. In East and southern Africa the wood is known for its hymenkcardia and resistance to termites; it is used to make house posts, poles, pestles and tool handles.


Flowers unisexual, petals absent, disk absent; male flowers sessile, calyx 1. Hymenocardia acida is an important medicinal plant throughout tropical Africa, and the effectiveness of many traditional uses has been confirmed by preliminary pharmacological research. A methanolic leaf extract showed very high radical scavenging activity, comparable to tocopherol. An ethanolic root extract showed marked antibacterial activity against Klebsiella pneumoniaeStaphylococcus aureusStreptococcus mutans and Salmonella enterica in vitro, as well as spasmolytic and anti-inflammatory activities in vivo in mice and rats.

The powdered bark in water or a bark decoction is applied as a poultice to treat colic, abscesses and tumours, eye infections, migraine and also skin afflictions such as itch, prickly heat, parasites and leprosy.

Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences 9 8: Powdered root in porridge is given to breast-feeding women to diminish the milk flow. Leaf powder is topically applied in friction to treat rheumatic pains, toothache and fever; it is also sprinkled on sores after washing. Email this to a friend Print Share on facebook Tweet this.

Click on “show more” to view them. Journal of Hymenocagdia 87 2—3: There are book citations related to Hymenocardia acida Tul. Though many of these journals and publications are open access online, there is the need to bring into focus and shape the thinking and research opportunities of those scientists engaged in the field of natural products by bringing together in form of a review, the publications that are available on a given natural product.

In vitro hymenoccardia activity anti-sickle cell anemia of some Congolese bymenocardia. A decoction of the leafy twigs is used for bathing to treat tetanus, convulsions and exhaustion.

West African Plants

Hymenocardia acida occurs throughout tropical Africa, from Senegal east to Ethiopia and south to South Africa. Journal of Ethnopharmacology The powdered bark with copper dust is sprinkled on syphilitic sores. Methylene chloride and methanolic stem bark and root extracts showed moderate activity against Plasmodium falciparum in vitro.

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In West and Central Africa, the wood is considered brittle, and not much used as a timber. Euphorbiaceae Flora Zambesiaca 9 4 Pages – There are 1 Wikipedia citations related to Hymenocardia acida Tul. Hymenocardia acida Aluka – Hymenocardia acida Tul. Leaf powder is taken as snuff to treat headache; the vapour of the boiling leaves is inhaled to treat headache.

Agroforestry extension manual for northern Zambia. Hymenocardia acida Hymenocardia acida hymneocardia shrub x – 9k – jpg www. Citation in web searches. Dioecious, deciduous shrub or small tree up to 6 —10 m tall, often straggling; bole up to 30 cm in diameter, often stunted or contorted; bark smooth, hymenocardai brown or grey, flaking off, showing a powdery reddish to orange inner bark; upper branches spreading, lower branches drooping; young shoots short-hairy.

West African Plants – A Photo Guide – Hymenocardia acida Tul.

Journal of Ethnopharmacology 90 2: It is also drunk or used as a mouth wash to treat toothache and infected gums. In Sierra Leone the leaf sap is used as eye drops to treat ophthalmia. The areas requiring further research on this plant becomes easily identifiable, thus avoiding duplication, wastage of man hour and resources. Direct seeding is possible.