Hans Loewald’s contributions to the field of psychoanalysis are many. Through his work Loewald helped to integrate and transform psychoanalytic theory. Hans Loewald is a comprehensive and original theorist on a par with any major post-Freudian thinker, yet neither his ideas nor his person have become the. Int J Psychoanal. Feb;85(Pt 1) Hans Loewald: a radical conservative. Whitebook J(1). Author information: (1)[email protected] Comment in Int.

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It is, however, assuming increasing importance in American psychoanalysis.

Gay, Reading Freud p. Gay, Freud p. She suggests that Loewald holds in all of these realms, and without apparent contradiction, a doubled–emphatically ego-psychological and emphatically object-relational–perspective, and an equal commitment to both the first topography and the structural theory. The Impossible Profession p. In this paper the author attempts to characterize the scope and depth of Loewald’s theory–his vision of the psyche and psychic life, or metapsychology, his characterization of the psychoanalytic process, and his vision of the clinical and human goals of psychoanalysis.

The article examines how Eros, uans in terms of the psyche’s synthetic strivings, plays a major role in Loewald’s theory. Psychopathology is caused by a split between these processes, between fantasy and reality.

Hans Loewald – Wikipedia

Freud saw guilt as something that should be evaded, Loewald regarded it as something that had to be worked through to complete the individuation process – the passing of the baton from one generation to the next. August Learn how and when to remove this template message. The paper includes brief reflections on how to assess psychoanalytic theories, like Loewald’s, developed before empirical research that seems to challenge them.

He is able to nans the difficult feat of remaining non-sectarian and systematic at the same time. Loewald’s argument, however, runs in the opposite direction. His views throughout are undergirded by a bi-directional developmental view that centers on differentiation and integration.


Loewald described the experience of the transference as comparable to “an illness, insofar as it is a regressive and unsettling experience, not dissimilar to The father presents autonomy to the child and thus protects the child from engulfment by the mother, which could lead to ego loss. The task of ego development is to integrate both parts. The author hnas situates Loewald’s position within contemporary psychoanalytic discussions of epistemology.

Loewald did medical training in Germany – where he also studied philosophy with Martin Heideggerwho would influence him with his theory of language [2] – before taking a medical degree from Rome University in Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. This author tries to show how Loewald attempts to reconcile many of the rigid oppositions that often become reified in analytic controversies: Mental health entails an open communication and interpenetration between the primary and the secondary process.

He distinguishes between the primary process in which the child experiences only sounds fantasyand the secondary process, in which the child gives meaning to these sounds reality. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.

Hans Loewald: a radical conservative.

His paper of the waning of the Oedipus Complex is considered particularly illuminating. Unlike SullivanDaniel Sternand Freud, whose understanding of language included a sharp distinction between verbal and preverbal expressions, Loewald states that verbal and preverbal expressions are a form of sensory experience.

Loewald approached language from a perspective that is unique among analytic theorists. His father, who died shortly after his birth, was a Jewish physician with an interest in dermatology and loewale his mother a gifted musician, who played the piano. Views Read Edit View history. Because of his concern with the autonomy and individuality of the patient, he is concerned with the clinical dangers rising from an overemphasis on the subjectivity of the analyst.


Loewald, uans to Lpewald, saw the parents as complementary with both advantages and disadvantages of their own.

Comment in Int J Psychoanal. Hans Loewald is a comprehensive and original theorist on a par with any major post-Freudian thinker, yet neither his ideas nor his person have become the basis for a Loewaldian school or approach, and he is not as well known as other innovators of loewaod quality.

Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. While apparently a traditional Freudian, Loewald in his thinking is both elegant and quietly revisionist [1] – a radical conservatist.

Hans Loewald — was a German-American psychoanalyst and theorist. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. These discussions tend to criticize the objectivism of modern science-and analysis in so far as it models itself on science-and stress countertransference and the subjectivity of the analyst.

Loewald was born in Colmarthen Germany. Loewald’s attractiveness as a theoretician is due, in no small part, to his rigor and synthetic reach. Retrieved from ” https: Hans Loewald’s work was relatively marginalized in its day and it is little known outside the United States. Eros Jonathan Lear Kiekegaard. This section does not cite any sources. Loewald also wrote an illuminating study of the Loewalv relationship under the title ‘Transference and Counter-Transference’.

Indeed, Loewald’s work contains an integrative vision that is unusual in today’s fragmented psychoanalytic world. Drawing on the work of Melanie Klein to integrate pre-oedipal and oedipal phases, Loewald saw internalisationwhen successful, as leading to complete detachment from the original object. This page was last edited on 1 Octoberat