Engelbart: “Augmenting Human Intellect”. “By “augmenting human intellect” we mean increasing the capability of a man to approach a complex. C. Engelbart, and William K. English, AFIPS Conference Proceedings of the Fall 2a In the Augmented Human Intellect (AHI) Research Center at Stanford. Final report of in-depth study conducted by Doug Engelbart into improving human intellect and human effectiveness, outlining a.
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As he has several projection positions, he can leave one item in position while he calls up another. In other words it provides an environment for the simple process stuff done by experts. But there are signs of a change as new and powerful instrumentalities come into use Increased capability in this respect is taken to mean a mixture of the following: On the top are slanting translucent screens, on which material can be projected for convenient reading. In order that the picture may not be too commonplace, by reason of sticking to present-day patterns, it may be well to mention one such possibility, not to prophesy but merely to suggest, for prophecy based on extension of the known has substance, while prophecy founded on the unknown is only a doubly involved guess.
The executive superstructure is necessary because humans do not operate by magic, but even a necessary superstructure is a burden. For present purposes, we can view a concept structure as something which we might try to develop on paper for ourselves or work with by conscious thought processes, aumgenting as something which we try to communicate to one another in serious discussion. The computer can transform back and forth between the two-dimensional portrayal on the screen, of some limited view of the total structure, and the aspect of the n-dimensional internal image that represents this “view.
He views problem solving as being all about information handling: For a sampling of research results, see their Mother of All Demos.
Engelbart: Augmenting Human Intellect ()
He has built a civilization so complex that he needs to mechanize his record more fully if he is to push his experiment to its logical conclusion and not merely become bogged down part way there by overtaxing his limited memory. There are many significant items in the article, but the main ones upon which we shall comment here will be those relative to the use and implications of his Memex.
The ways in which human capabilities are thus extended are here called augmentation means, and we define four basic classes of them: Then he brought out some general considerations for hope: Engelbart divides our augmented problem-solving capabilities up: Ross Ashby [ 23 ].
Not only does the human need to play various roles sometimes concurrently in the execution of any given process, but he is playing these roles for the many concurrent processes that are being executed at different levels.
Engelbart: “Augmenting Human Intellect”
Without disrupting its own internal reference structure in the slightest, the computer will effectively stretch, bend, fold, extract, intsllect cut as it may need in order to assemble an internal substructure that is its response, structured in its own internal way. To our objective of deriving orientation about possibilities for actively pursuing an buman in human intellectual effectiveness, it is important to realize that we must be prepared to pursue such new-possibility chains throughout the entire capability hierarchy calling for a system approach.
In such a case, one might make a list of steps and check each item off as it is executed. Notes The following rough notes were made by participants in the discussion: The fundamental entities that are being structured in each and every case seems to be what we could call processes, where the most basic of physical processes involving fields, charges, and momenta associated engellbart the dynamics of fundamental particles appear to be the hierarchical base.
Augmenting Human Intellect: A Conceptual Framework
Such an evolutionary process has been typical of the way our repertoire hierarchies have grown and formed. Moreover, IA has a long history of success, since all forms of information technology, from the abacus to writing to the Internet, have been developed basically to extend intelelct information processing capabilities of the human mind see extended mind and distributed cognition. The system is actively engaged ihtellect the continuous processes among others of developing comprehension within the individual and of solving problems; both processes are subject inteloect human motivation, purpose, and will.
Now he begins to enter detailed information about the interior. But these are only part of the matching processes between the deeper human processes that direct a given word to be typed and the deeper artifact processes that actually imprint the ink marks on the paper.
Emacs, Word, GTD, diary, your favourite programming language, etc. First he runs through an encyclopedia, finds and interesting but sketchy article, leaves it projected, Next, in a history, he finds another pertinent item, and ties the two together.
This in turn is based on information received from the outside world through limited sensory channels; on information, drives, and needs generated within him; and on his processing of that information. Today this individual cannot be depended upon to have any special training for many of these roles; he is likely to have learned them by cut and try and by indirect imitation.
When a man writes prose text a reasonably high-order processhe makes use of many processes as sub-processes that are common to other high-order processes.
You can integrate your new ideas more hkman, and thus harness your creativity more continuously, if you can quickly and flexibly change your working record. Even so apparently minor an advance could yield total changes in an individual’s repertoire hierarchy that would represent a great increase in over-all effectiveness.