Craniofrontonasal dysplasia is a very rare X-linked malformation syndrome caused by mutations in the ephrin-B1 gene (EFNB1). Phenotypic expression varies. Disease definition. Craniofrontonasal dysplasia is an X-linked malformation syndrome characterized by facial asymmetry (particularly orbital), body asymmetry. Learn in-depth information on Craniofrontonasal Dysplasia, its causes, symptoms , diagnosis, complications, treatment, prevention, and.

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Rare Disease Database

The incidence values that were reported ranged from 1: Females have a more severe form of the disorder. Oral Surg Med Oral Pathol Specialised Social Services Eurordis directory. The range and severity of symptoms may vary greatly among affected individuals.

Craniofrontonasal syndrome and diaphragmatic hernia. More mildly affected males did not have craniosynostosis but did show hypertelorism, broad great toes, and grooved nails. Other search option s Alphabetical list. Two affected fathers in their series had an unaffected son.

The content of the website and databases of the National Organization for Rare Disorders Craniofrontonassal is copyrighted and may not be reproduced, copied, downloaded or disseminated, in any way, for any commercial or public purpose, without prior written authorization and approval from NORD. Hunter syndrome Purine—pyrimidine metabolism: Information on current clinical trials is posted on the Internet at www.


Craniofrontonasal Syndrome | Headlines – The Craniofacial Support Group

Common features in girls: Craniofrontonasal syndrome predominantly affects the head, face and limbs and presents with a number of typical features which require the child to enter a co-ordinated programme of care involving many different clinical specialities integrating the various expertises.

Only comments written in English can be processed. Investigational Therapies Information on current clinical trials is posted on the Internet at www. CFND is a very rare genetic disorder that affects females more often than males. CFND can sometimes be detected before birth prenatally by ultrasound.

Orphanet: Craniofrontonasal dysplasia

Genetic counseling or prenatal screening may be advised if there is a reason to suspect the presence of an EFNB1 gene mutation. They concluded that the segregation does not fit autosomal dominant, autosomal recessive, X-linked dominant, or X-linked recessive inheritance.

Comparisons may be useful for a differential diagnosis:. Other characteristics that are less frequently seen are: They are not necessary for a xysplasia diagnosis:.

As such there is little information and no consensus in the published literature regarding the epidemiological statistics. Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery.

In addition, the mother had axillary pterygia, congenital footplate fixation of the left ear, right sensorineural hearing loss, and limited forearm pronation. Treatment of CFND depends upon the specific malformations and their severity in each individual patient, and the timing of diagnosis. On the other hand, especially in males, it is dysplasa that someone is a carrier of the EFNB1 gene mutation yet does not present with any physical manifestations.


Females are more commonly and usually more severely affected than males. Mutations of the ephrin-B1 gene cause craniofrontonasal crsniofrontonasal.

Underdevelopment of craniofrontonazal breast is sometimes seen in females. Craniofrontonasal dysplasia in a girl with del X p Orocraniodigital syndrome is thought to be inherited as an autosomal recessive craniofrontonsaal condition.

In addition to the coronal craniosynostosis and facial changes, syndactyly of fingers and toes and longitudinally grooved nails were present. Expanding the phenotype of craniofrontonasal syndrome: The documents contained in this web site are presented for information purposes only. Mutations of ephrin-B1 EFNB1a marker of tissue boundary formation, cause craniofrontonasal syndrome. This page was last edited on 5 Februaryat A bonus to all MIMmatch users is the option to sign up for updates on new gene-phenotype relationships.