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The highest power rudu united in him with the highest khufi. He is the completest Ego, the goal of humanity, the acme of life both in mind and body; in him the discord of our mental life becomes a harmony.
Beyond the valley of self-control is the mountain of vicegerency; or, to use another metaphor, the promised land of vicegerency. The beloved is usually an idealized value, such as beauty, power, generosity, and life; or it may be a person, in whom the desired value is perceived to be present to such an extent that the difference between the essence and the attribute becomes irrelevant for the lover.
An ideal that is itself inconsistent will not bring the desired inner harmony; it will ultimately give rise to even greater fragmentation. There is nothing more important than strengthening the ego, which is precisely what allows it to achieve genuine freedom as well as immortality.
And we suffer the consequences. If a person is routinely torn between the opposing demands of mind and body, reason and instinct, thought and action, much energy will be spent on managing this civil war, while only a small amount will be left for pursuing specific objectives.
This is how Iqbal describes the khalifah. Adopting such a discipline forces one into an increasingly acute self-awareness. Aigoual mountain, Cevennes, South of France; B. This union can take one of two forms. This word is used in a very wide sense and means the desire to assimilate, to absorb. Thus the Kingdom of God on earth means the democracy of more or less unique individuals, presided over by the most unique individual possible on this earth.
This disharmony exists within each individual, and so it inevitably manifests in social life as well. His point, rather, is this: The Ego is fortified by love ishq. Even though scientific materialism has created many obstacles in this path, belief in the hereafter remains a central requirement of Islamic faith and practice. The only ideal whose love can bring about the ultimate integration of personality is God. Given that he wrote the summary of Asrar-e Khudi primarily for the benefit of Prof.
Moral virtues and vices are to be distinguished on the standard of whether they support and fortify the ego or whether they cause it to dissolve and disintegrate.
Sharah Asrar-e-Khudi ebooks by Allama Iqbal | Rekhta
Whatever is achieved by khudi in this-life prepares it for the next phase of its career that lies beyond death. If love is the highest virtue, begging is the worst sin—it is the deadliest poison for khudi.
The Ego in its movement towards uniqueness has to pass through three stages: Obstacles, problems, and frustrations are part of this educational process. This brings us back to what Iqbal said earlier in the same text, i. While it is true that as a species humanity has not yet reached that exalted stage of spiritual evolution, it is also true there have been many persons in history who did achieve that status at an individual level. In another part of the poem I have hinted at the general principles of Muslim ethics and have tried to reveal urduu meaning in connexion with the idea of personality.
The more we love and fail, the better will be our chances of finding the beloved who is worthy of our love, one who does not disappoint. In approaching him we are raising ourselves in the scale of life. This divine vicegerency, niyabat-e-Alahi is the third and last stage of human development on earth. According to him, the sole purpose of ethics should be the training and education of khudi. While Iqbal tends to talk about that ideal personality as if it were a single male individual, this is most likely a rhetorical device to emphasize the unique individuality of the ideal human being.
Laziness of any kind is problematic because it prevents the full flowering of khudi and precludes its attainment of freedom. I will attempt to understand these characteristics in my next post.
For Iqbal, the path of self-growth begins as soon as one submit oneself to the discipline of the divine law. This is what he writes: He is the last fruit of the tree of humanity, and all the trial of a painful evolution are justified because he is to come at the end.
Finally, ureu the last sentence of the passage quoted above. Among the three Western monotheisms, Islam certainly has the most to say about the asrarr of human existence after death. This is asraar he writes:. Specifically, they both become even more uniquely themselves. For the present he is a mere ideal; but the evolution of humanity is tending towards the production of an ideal race of more or less unique individuals who will become his fitting parents.
Nothing in human nature is evil or unnecessary; as such, nothing needs to be suppressed, removed, or disowned.
On that standard, the highest moral virtue is loveand the worst possible vice is begging.