Tetralogy of Fallot is one of congenital cyanotic heart disease that is mostly found in children. Makalah ini membahas penatalaksanaan gigi dan mulut dalam. Makalah Tetralogy Of Fallot. Tetralogy of fallot merupakan kelainan jantung bawaan. Makalah ini akan membahas mengenai diagnosis dan tatalaksana dari . SA (sFnosis aorta), TGA (transposisi art€ri-aneri besar), dan TF. (Tetralogi Fallot) .r Penyakit janlung bawaan yang paling sering dijumpai adalah defek septum.
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This provides a calming effect, reduces systemic venous return, and increases SVR. Kondisi setelah olah raga 6.
Perform frequent serum electrolyte, CO2, glucose, creatinine, uric acid, calcium, and BUN determinations during first few months tftralogi therapy and periodically thereafter Spironolactone Aldactone — For management of edema resulting from excessive aldosterone excretion. After each stage of surgical reconstruction, echocardiographic and Doppler evaluation of hemodynamic adequacy should be performed. Oximetry is particularly useful in the dark-skinned patient or the anemic patient whose level of cyanosis is not apparent.
Peripheral resistance is increased by vasoconstriction. If right ventricular outflow tract obstruction is severe, the mortality rate is high without palliative or corrective surgery.
Kepala dan rambut Kepala: Pengobatan pada Serangan Sianosis a. Riwayat Kesehatan Lalu khusus untuk anak usia 0 — 5 tahun 1. Once the child is past infancy, corrective open heart surgery is performed.
At all patient care visits, emphasize the need for bacterial endocarditis prophylaxis. A decrease in systemic vascular resistance SVR during exercise, bathing, or fever potentiates a right-to-left shunt and causes hypoxemia.
Waktu tumbuh gigi 5. Tettalogi the baby to remain with the mother or father.
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A minority of patients have difficulties later in life with heart failure or heart rhythm disorders and may require additional surgery or continued medication. The first Blalock-Taussig shunt surgery was performed on three-year old Eileen Saxon on November 29, Poor ventricular function may necessitate the use of inotropic medications. Significant pulmonic valve regurgitation often occurs regardless of the type of conduit placed between the right ventricle and the pulmonary arteries.
Prognosis probable outcome with surgery is good. Post on Nov 65 views.
Tetralogi Fallot – Bahan
Produces vasodilation and increases cardiac output. Parasternal long axis color compare echocardiographic image showing the pulmonary artery conduit arising from the right falolt. The long-term corrective procedure involves open-heart surgery, including two steps: Anatomic findings in tetralogy of Fallot. Ebstein malformation of the tricuspid valve Pulmonary atresia Ventricular septal defect Pseudotruncus arteriosus Lab Studies: However there are “pink tets” in which the degree of obstruction in the right ventricular outflow tract is low.
The precise mechanism of spelling is in doubt, but certainly this is a dangerous event and presumably results from an increase in resistance to blood flow to the lungs with increased preferential flow of desaturated blood to the body.
There are also simple procedures such as the knee-chest position which reduces systemic venous return to reduce the right-to-left makxlahincreases systemic vascular resistance and hence blood pressure and provides a calming effect when the procedure is performed by the parent. Infants with multiple aortopulmonary collaterals may require ttetralogi medical management of heart failure.
Tetrallogy of Fallot – [Download PDF]
Severe cyanosis may present at birth in a patient with TOF and associated pulmonary atresia. Ablation of cells of the neural crest has been shown to reproduce conotruncal malformations.
Fourth, the tetrqlogi in the wall of the right ventricle is thickened and stiffened.
Aortopulmonary view angiogram, with injection in the descending thoracic aorta demonstrating multiple aortopulmonary collaterals supplying pulmonary blood flow. Askep Tetralogi of Fallot.
Rencana Asuhan Dan Dokumentasi Keperawatan. Cara untuk memudahkan persalinan: The results of successful complete repair of Tetralogy of Fallot are good: Multiple factors seem to be involved.
The development of right ventricular hypertrophy is a result of progressive right heart failure arising from this combination, and can be minimized or even averted by early surgical repair. Surgery results in almost 90 percent of patients surviving for at least 25 years from the time of surgery; generally, the results are best if the defect is corrected before the patient is 12 years old.
Jalan Sawo 13 7. Perdarahan Bayi dengan sianosis disertai dengan lamanya polisetimia akan mengakibatkan trombositopenia dan kelainan pembekuan darah. Most patients who undergo placement of a right ventricle to pulmonary conduit will require one or more conduit replacements, secondary to progressive conduit stenosis or insufficiency. Most analgesics have sedating properties, which are beneficial for patients who are having hypercyanotic episodes.
These spells can be aborted with relatively simple procedures.