Aryabhatiya – Sanskrit – Ebook download as PDF File .pdf), Text File .txt) or read book online. Aryabhatiya (IAST: Āryabhaṭīya) or Aryabhatiyam (Āryabhaṭīyaṃ), a Sanskrit astronomical treatise, is the magnum opus and only known surviving work of the . Aryabhata, आर्यभट (IAST: Āryabhaṭa) or Aryabhata I (– CE) was the first of the major mathematician-astronomers from the classical age of Indian mathematics and Indian astronomy. His works include the Āryabhaṭīya (which mentions that in Kaliyuga, It has been claimed that the aśmaka (Sanskrit for “stone”) where Aryabhata.

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Ancient Indian Leaps Into Mathematics. That means Aryabhatta used letters of the alphabet to form number-words, with consonants giving digits and vowels denoting place value of those digits. His disciple Bhaskara I calls it Ashmakatantra or the treatise from the Ashmaka.

Aryabhatiya – Wikipedia

To derive the values, Aryabhatta had to use alphanumeric words in his formulation. After giving this value without derivation or explanationAryabhata briefly describes the method by which he derived his sine table shown above. By helping these enterprises we aim to make the world better – better aryabhatiyq us, for our community and for the environment Shop Now.

Aryabhqtiya mathematical works often use word numerals before Aryabhata, but the Aryabhatiya is the oldest extant Indian work with alphabet numerals.

Gitikapada dealt with time, especially large units of time. A third text, which may have survived in the Arabic translation, is Al ntf or Al-nanf.


The book is one the earliest mathematical scripts that explain various mathematical topics at length. This innovation allows for advanced arithmetical computations which would have been considerably more difficult without it. There is also a table of snaskrit jyagiven in a single verse. He claimed that the volume was half the sannskrit times the area of the base. Later in the 12th century, when Gherardo of Cremona translated asnskrit writings from Arabic into Latin, he replaced the Arabic jaib with its Aryabhatiys counterpart, sinuswhich means “cove” or “bay”; thence comes the English word sine.

Retrieved from ” https: By this rule the circumference of a circle with a diameter of 20, can be approached. It is highly likely that the study of the Aryabhatiya would be accompanied by the teachings of a well-versed tutor.

Charles Scribner and Sons: Retrieved 8 February In the final section of the Aryabhatiya, the Gola or “The Sphere,” Aryabhata goes into great detail describing the celestial relationship between the Earth and the cosmos.

The entire script was written in Sanskrit and hence reads like a poetic verse rather than a practical manual.


The result is approximately the circumference of a circle of diameter twenty thousand. Indian mathematical works often used word numerals before Aryabhata, but the Aryabhatiya is oldest extant Indian work with alphabet numerals.

It is fairly certain that, at some point, he went to Kusumapura for advanced sannskrit and lived there for some time. Aryabhata’s methods of astronomical calculations have been in continuous use for practical purposes of fixing the Panchangam Hindu calendar.

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Although Aryabhatta never used zero numerically, he did use a placeholder for the power of tens.

India’s Ancient Genius: Unraveling the Story of Aryabhatta’s Astounding Scientific Feats!

Follow us facebook twitter instagram youtube. The place-value system, first seen in the 3rd-century Bakhshali Manuscriptwas clearly in place in his work. A History of Mathematics Second ed. Archived copy as title link. Aryabhatiya begins with an introduction called the “Dasageethika” or “Ten Stanzas.

Zero, meaning nil, is both a number and a concept.

The Aryabhatiya: Foundations of Indian Mathematics |

While he did not use a symbol for zerothe French mathematician Georges Ifrah argues that knowledge of zero was implicit in Aryabhata’s place-value system as a place holder for the powers of ten with null coefficients. He lived from to C. Archived PDF from the original on 18 March In fact, modern names “sine” and “cosine” are mistranscriptions of the words jya and kojya as introduced by Aryabhata. An Introduction to the History of Mathematics 6 ed. It has been suggested by some commentators, most notably B.

The Moon consists of water, the Sun of fire, the Earth of earth, and the Earth’s shadow of darkness.